COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF FIBRE SUBSTITUTION ON THE PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE RAILWAY BRAKE SHOE
During the design process, railway friction materials are subject to extensive testing which allows for a thorough assessment of their compliance with versatile requirements and expected characteristics. These tests include, among other, laboratory tests of mechanical, physicochemical, thermophysical and tribological properties. For a designer it is crucial to understand how formulation modification influences characteristics of the friction material. One of the key ingredients in the formulation of friction materials is reinforcing fibre. In this study, two composite, organic railway brake shoes with equal amount of two different reinforcing fibres, namely steel wool and glass fibre, were tested according to the procedures of a railway friction materials manufacturer. Test results were analysed and compared. The substitution of reinforcing fibre had a noticeable effect on each of the properties of the composites considered in this study.
Keyword(s): friction material formulation, coefficient of friction, dynamometer test, composite brake shoe.
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